Although it may appear that there;s not much likeness between the two, the concept and architecture of the bahay na bato are largely based on the precolonial house. My visit to the Ramos house (not sure if they call it that) helped me understand how the kubo (literally “cube”) evolved into something permanent.
I’m thankful that the Ramoses (esp. the unico hijo) allowed me to see the inside of their house. There’s not a lot of these houses around so you welcome these opportunities. My imagination just takes off picturing what it must have been like to spend one’s life in these mansions. I had a great time inside. I picked the house because it exemplifies classic Filipino Hispano house design (some of the crooked stilts are exposed making the house appear like a precolonial coastal dwelling if you are to look at it from the rear). There are grander houses around Balayan but this house for me was just an outstanding example of that wonderful mix that highlights the union between hispanic and oriental.
The entresuelo is now occupied by a tenant (traditionally reserved for safekeeping but is also used for guest lodging). Thee are three cuartos in the house (approx with 10 square feet area).The patio of the house is adjacent to the comedor (usually adjacent to the zaguan or stable). The caida (the area after the grand stairs) is still used to entertain guest and has been largely kept as it was (complete with all the furniture). The sala has been incorporated to the caida. Usually, for big houses sala’s are reserved for dancing and parties. In modest homes, the caida and sala appears to be just one space. The comedor (dining room) is separate from the cocina (kitchen). We don’t see this arrangement anymore as most kitchen and dining area today are confined in one space. Another interesting feature of the house are the wooden strips (separated by inch gaps) flooring in the comedor and cocina. Clearly, a design inspired by the ancient bahay kubo. Beneath this area is the silong (no longer used) another tradition that was kept by the Filipinos. The latrina (toilet) can be found a near the cocina. Its a structure that is separate from the main house. Another interesting feature of the house are the timber posts (possibly yakal) that supports the house. These posts are exposed and can be seen at the rear portion. It reminds me of the precolonial coastal houses.
There’s pride in the houses of Balayan. You get that feeling. To them, an old Balayan bahay na bato is as Filipino as it gets.