Hidden Treasures of San Miguel, Bulacan

When I say hidden, I mean hidden–almost tucked away from plain sight. Most of San Miguel Bulacan’s heritage houses are gated from view, and in a way, from memory.

But if there’s one thing that should make heritage advocates happy is that the ancestral houses are still standing. The present owners effort is truly commendable considering the soaring cost of keeping these houses–most of which are a century old. I couldn’t care less if they restrict people from seeing their homes as long as they keep it. While there were casualties (some  has fallen into disrepair) the ones that remain in good shape are the most historic and architecturally important.

This visit, my second time, was strange—and a bit frustrating.

The weather was fine and warm all morning but when I reached San Miguel at around 2PM it started to drizzle. To make matters worst, a brawl broke out between tricycle drivers. That was pretty intense–what a welcome that was!

It felt like progress has left this old town with only its baronial houses as proof that it was once a golden town. There was a time when popular actors and politicians would pay one of the prominent families in town a visit. Things changed here, it has become the typical far flung municipality where poverty is on ever increasing rate.

The houses the landed families built here are the most ornate and imposing in the province. Much bigger compared to those found in the capital Malolos. 

Mayumo, which means ‘sweet’ in Capampangan, was part of the original name (San Miguel used to be part of Pampanga)  that for some strange reason is no longer officially used.  The name was said to had been derived from the giving character of the town’s pioneer. He must have been a sweetheart! Why abandon such an important historical detail?

The town of San Miguel has always been historic. Aguinaldo and his generals headquartered (the general used the Tecson house) their forces in town. And here, perhaps, the most important event in Philippine Spanish war, the pact of Biak-na-Bato took place (some claim that the document was signed in the Tecson house and not in the rough forested area of Biak-na-Bato).

The most beautiful heritage homes can be found in the intertwined barrios of San Vicente and San Jose.

Most of the old homes are somewhat related to the de Leon’s. Notable members of this family consist of the late movie pioneer Narcisa Doña Sisang de Leon, founder of LVN filmsn (Doña Sisang was known to insist to speak only in Spanish and Tagalog). Mar Roxas’ grandmother was Trinidad de León-Roxas, the 5th first lady of the republic. 

Other notable personalities that trace their roots to San Miguel are: Maximo Viola, Felipe Buencamino, Trinidad Tecson, Nicanor Abelardo, Director Mike de Leon and Virgilo Almario.

The military camp in town, Camp Tecson, was named after the local revolutionary hero Pablo Tecson. He donated this land to the government to be used as a military installation. He was under the command of Gregorio del Pilar (who briefly stayed in San Miguel with an uncle during the war), whose mother was a Sempio. Present defense secretary Albert del Rosario’s mother is the younger sister of del Pilar’s mother.

In Barrio San Jose one can find the house that was built by Rizal’s confidant, Maximo Viola. This guy not only lent Rizal the money for his Noli, but also accompanied Rizal to see prostitutes during their time together in Europe. Well, at least that’s what he claims.

The Sevilla house, locally known as “malaking bahay”, was built with ball room dancing in mind. The third floor was where the Celia Club would meet to dance the night away. I’ve never seen such an imposing (and costly) home built in the countryside. This house brings to mind the three story building Casa Vizantina in Manila (now moved to Bagac!).

The word is that some of the houses (I don’t know which ones) in San Miguel was destroyed by treasure hunting. It is strange that a town like this has not yet been declared a “heritage town” by our historical agencies. You would think that they would do so for such recognition would help promote the town’s tourism and historical awareness.

As I’ve mentioned earlier, this trip was a bit disappointing. You see, I first came here in San Miguel in 2005 (this blog wasn’t born yet) and I remember being refused by most of the owners and caretakers to see and take photos of their homes. Well, I encountered the same today. They just can’t be bothered with visitors. I think what haven’t caught up (and this puzzles me to no end) with the present owners yet is the idea that their houses have the potential for tourism and education. There’s just so much history around that it’s a shame that these historical homes are not accessible. Perhaps, our historical agencies needs to make that first move, declare the old town a “heritage town”, maybe then (just maybe) the owners would open their doors and embrace the fact that their houses are essential historical examples of Filipino culture and identity.

The ancestral house of LVN’s Dona Sisang. Obscured by banana it appears to have been recently painted.

The current owners was not really excited to see people wanting to see their ancestral house.

The only house along Calle positioned next to the road. A practice that is common in big old towns in Spanish Philippines. Interesting is that here in San Miguel most houses are built away from the road and gated.

New gates for an old house….

One of the smaller casa in Calle Rizal

Another obscured casa. The detailed window designs are superb examples of early 1900’s style

Visited by the Quezon’s. They call it the  de León – Sempio house.


The only house I managed to enter. The people I spoke with were gracious enough to show me around.

What’s good is that the houses are still being used. They’re not obsolete, still in use!

Some has fallen into disrepair like this one.

Some of the biggest bahay-na-bato ever built are here in San Miguel

Another hidden gem. Let’s invite these owners to open their ancestral homes to visitors.

The Tecson ancestral house. The only one with a historical marker in town (even the church does not have one).

San Miguel’s centuries old church. Even this sanctuary was closed for this weary traveler to see.

11 responses to “Hidden Treasures of San Miguel, Bulacan

  • Cat

    How was Damaso Sempio and Gregorio del Pilar related? Was he (Sempio) his’ (del Pilar) uncle or nephew? Other blogs made me confuse in this part. Was Damaso his uncle because his mother and Damaso were siblings or first-cousins? Thank you! 🙂

  • Cat

    I have been looking for this kind of detailed post since I’ve also been searching for ancestral houses in San Miguel which could help me with my own research. Unfortunately, looks like I won’t be able to interview the present owners because they’re not very open to discuss about their treasure homes. Anyway, thank you for sharing such an information. This is beyond helpful!

    May I just ask if Damaso Sempio is indeed Gregorio del Pilar’s uncle (from his matrilineal) or his nephew? I’ve read other articles saying he’s his (either) uncle and nephew. I’m quite confused. Thank you and I’m reading! 🙂

  • Bahay-na-Bato: Always the Haunted Houses | With one's past...

    […] The last time I saw San Miguel was four years ago. My wife’s family is from nearby San Rafael. The town is a short jeepney ride away. […]

  • jose

    Creo que debería promocionarse el turismo, interior e internacional. Hay mucha gente interesada por lo auténtico y antiguo, y muchos filipinos querrían visitar el lugar donde se firmó el pacto de Biak-na-Bato. Además algunas de esas casas podrían convertirse en casas para turistas. Es la única manera de preservar el legado histórico y de sacarle beneficio económico.

  • The Pinoy Byahero

    When i went to the Church it was closed but the side door is open. Did you try going to the side?

    • De AnDA

      It was closed as well. I tried to gain access but there was no one that can open the doors. It’s a beautiful town but not promoted for its historical importance. The antillean houses are among the biggest I’ve seen.

  • bopeepladrido

    I believe there’s a marker on the exterior wall of the Gonzales house in San Miguel where Nicanor Abelardo was born.

    Maria Lourdes Abelardo Ledesma Ladrido Iloilo City

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